Originally a Greek goddess named Nicostrata, Carmenta was renamed as such as a Roman goddess, where she ruled over childbirth and midwives. She is also invoked for contraceptive purposes for women who wish to avoid pregnancy. She is also a protector of mothers and children.
She is also the goddess of divination and prophecy, and her name comes from the Latin word carmen, which means spell or oracle.
She is also associated with poetry, and writing in general, as she is said to have been who altered 15 of the letters in the Greek alphabet to become the Latin alphabet. She also introduced poetry and music to the early peoples inhabiting what would later become modern-day Italy, and is even said to have laid some of the physical foundations of the city of Rome.
She is the mother of Evander by Hermes.
Also associated with bodies of water, as she was the primary or leader of the Camenae, who were water goddesses or nymphs who ruled over springs and wells, as well as larger bodies of water in and around Rome. Because of this association, she and the other three Camenae (Egeria, Porrima, Postverta), could also be invoked for healing.
Correspondences and Associations of Carmenta
- Color: Yellow, Blue, White
- Element: Water, Air
- Days: January 11th and 15th, or a festival celebrated for 5 days from Jan 11-15
- Winter, Yule, Imbolc
- Education, learning
- Spells, particularly charms